H O U S E o f W I S D 0 M
P. O. B o x 2 5 43
C l e b u r n e, T e x a s 7 6 0 3 3
Email: Woody@dtgministries.org
17 May 2017

John 14-16 Part II
The Holy Spirit, Comforter, Spirit of the Truth

 

In the first study it was shown that the Father’s house was a spiritual figure of His mind, the dwelling place Jesus was preparing, that where he was we could be also (John 14:1-3). The fact of this accomplishment is shown on the day of Pentecost when Jesus gave to those waiting in the upper room, the spirit of the Father: Acts 2:32-33: (MKJ) God raised up this Jesus, of which we all are witnesses. 33  Therefore being exalted to the right hand of God, and having received from the Father the promise of the Holy Spirit, He has poured out this which you now see and hear. Jesus met with the disciples after his resurrection: Luke 24:44-45, 49: (NIV) He said to them, "This is what I told you while I was still with you: Everything must be fulfilled that is written about me in the Law of Moses, the Prophets and the Psalms." 45  Then he opened their minds so they could understand the Scriptures. ...I am going to send you what my Father has promised; but stay in the city until you have been clothed with power from on high." First came the understanding of scripture, then came the power of the Spirit at Pentecost.

Read John 14:15-17, 26; 15:26; 16:7:
14:16: the Father will give “another Comforter” which will abide with us forever
14:26: the Father sends the Comforter in Jesus’ name to us teach & bring to remembrance all things.
15:26: Jesus will send the Comforter from the Father & it will testify of Jesus
16:7: the Comforter will not come except Jesus depart

Read John 14:15-18: (notice that the comforter is also the spirit of the truth)
1. What does it mean the world cannot receive, because it sees him not, neither knows him? Matthew 13:9-17
{Cannot g3756, 1410 is from two Greek words. Ou g3756 is the absolute negative, lending the idea of the world as absolutely not g3756 able g1410 to receive the Spirit of the truth because it does not understand the kingdom of God.}

 

2. What is meant by another Comforter? 1John 2:1 (not Advocate, but Comforter); John 16:7; James 2:20-24
{Abram believed God’s promise of a son (Genesis 15:6) & righteousness was imputed to him. While God sees the end from the beginning, Abraham was not actually righteous until he offered Isaac (Genesis 22:12). The spirit of Jesus in the prophets of the OT (1Peter 1:11) was not spirit of the Father that the disciples received after the cross (Acts 2:33). After Jesus went to the cross (John 16:7; Hebrews 5:8-9), he came into the fullness of his Father (Colossians 1:9; 2:9), and became another, a different Comforter. (Cp 1Samuel 10:6, 9). Philippians 2:5: Let this mind be in you, which was also in Christ Jesus. (Also 1Peter 4:1). Comforter g3875: called to one’s side, in the way of exhortation, entreaty, comfort, instruction. (an advocate to defend is a Greek concept from outside the NT) The Father sent Jesus back with a new name (i.e. new character John 14:26, cf Isaiah 62:2; Revelation 2:17; 3:12}; and Jesus poured out another Spirit (of truth), a Comforter at Pentecost, John 15:26. The power is in preaching the resurrection of Jesus from the dead (Romams 1:4), which Peter did that day, and 3000 were baptized.

 

Isaiah 40:13: (NIV) Who can fathom the Spirit h7307 of the LORD, or instruct the LORD as his counselor? Romans 11:34: (NIV) Who has known the mind g3563 of the Lord? Or who has been his counselor?
{When Paul quotes Isaiah, he interprets Spirit h7307 as mind g3563 - i.e. he understood God’s spirit as His mind. The Greek & Western mind-sets describe our intelligence as the mind, while a Hebrew describes its function of speaking or thinking. This is why a word meaning “breath” would be used as a metaphor for the mind. cf Proverbs 1:8}


Ephesians 4:1-4a: (verse 4: There is one body and one Spirit...)
3. What is the one spirit? Acts 2:33; cp Matthew 10:19-20 & Mark 13:11
{The Holy Spirit is the Father’s understanding, which is conveyed by words thru Jesus. According to John 7:37-39, this spirit was not fully available until after the cross - i.e. the full understanding of the Father in Jesus.}

 

3a. What is the “one body” mentioned in verse 4? 1Corynthians 12:27 (context verses 12-30); Col 1:24
{The body is called ekklesia g1577 and the only name given the body of Christ in the NT. Properly, the word means “a calling out.” i.e. an assemble of believers called out of the world, or that way of thinking. Collectively, the members make up the body of Christ. In 1Corinthians 6:15-17, Paul makes a spiritual contrast of joining a person’s body [mind] and a harlot [spirit of the world] and how they become one. We want to be one spirit with Christ, as he is one spirit with the Father, John 17:20-21.)

 

In John 14:17 Jesus said of the Spirit of the truth: for he dwells with you, and shall be in you. And in verse 18: I will not leave you comfortless (Fatherless): I will come to you.
4. To whom was Jesus referring? John 14:19-24; 17:20-21
{The Father gives instruction to the Son and the Son gives it to us. In this sense both come to us, as the Spirit of the Father is in Jesus. By receiving the truth, they are both dwelling in each individual.}

 

The main Hebrew word translated to comfort(er) 66 of 108 times is nacham h5162. Here are some related scriptures using this word: Isaiah 51:9-12: 9. Awake, awake, put on strength, O arm of the Lord; awake, as in the ancient days, in the generations of old. 10. Art thou not it which hath dried the sea, the waters of the great deep; that hath made the depths of the sea a way for the ransomed to pass over? 11. Therefore the redeemed of the Lord shall return, and come with singing unto Zion; and everlasting joy shall be upon their head: they shall obtain gladness and joy; and sorrow and mourning shall flee away. 12. I, even I, am he that comforts you... Verse 9 is speaking of the resurrection of Christ, the power of the Spirit which drys the sea (worldly thinking). It is after coming to understand the cross and why the Son of God gave his life to save the world, we see the depth of the love of God, the fact of which is of a great comfort to those who receive it.

Isaiah 61:1-2: 1. The Spirit of the Lord God is upon me; because the Lord hath anointed me to preach good tidings unto the meek; he hath sent me to bind up the brokenhearted, to proclaim liberty to the captives, and the opening of the prison to them that are bound; 2. To proclaim the acceptable year of the Lord, and the day of vengeance of our God; to comfort (h5162) all that mourn. Except for the underlined portion, Jesus quoted and applied these scriptures to his ministry while on the earth (Luke 4:18-19). Perhaps he did not quote the last part because that would be fulfilled after he had gone back to the Father. Amen.


# # # # #