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15 May 2019


Hebrews, Chapter 2
Lower than Mighty Ones


The study of chapter one in Hebrews discussed the use of the Greek word angelos g32 as meaning “messenger, one who is sent” and referred to the prophets. There is an exception in Hebrews 1:6, and which also applies to the use of the word ‘angels’ in chapter 2 verses 5, 7, 9 & 16. The last part of Hebrews 1:6 reads:


From the KJ: And let all the angels g32 of God worship Him. (Quoting the last part of Ps 97:7 from the LXX) Ps 97:7 from the Hebrew O.T., KJ: worship him, all ye gods h430. (Correctly quoted in most Bibles) Ps 97:7 from the LXX: worship him, all ye his angels g32. (Also DRB, ABP, Latin Vulgate - all Roman Catholic)


The KJ, DRB, etc. quote the Greek OT, not the Hebrew text. Many interpret Hebrews 1:6 to be speaking of heavenly angels. However, the context of the Hebrew and the Greek Septuagint (LXX) dictate that it is people, mighty ones h430 (KJ gods h430) worshiping idols that should instead worship the Lord who reigns, Ps 97:7-8. But, in the context of Hebrews chapter one, the writer applied the phrase to the prophets, who are ‘mighty ones’ of God, because they do God’s will. Continuing with Hebrews 2, the second use of the Greek word angelos g32 is not for the Hebrew words malak h4397, but for the word elohiym h430, with a proper meaning of strength, might, Adj. - mighty (ones): applies to God, gods, kings, rulers, idols & mankind, cf Gen 1:1; Ps 82:6, Ex 7:1.


Read Hebrews 2:5-9:

1. In verse 7, to whom does the Greek word angels g32 refer as man being made lower than? Ps 8:4-6 {In Hebrews 2, Ps 8:4-6 is quoted & the comment added, he left nothing that is not put under him. At first glance, it might appear that the writer is still referring to the prophets (Heb 1:1). But note Psalms 8 quoted in part: For thou hast made him a little lower than the angels h430... The LXX used angelos g32 for elohiym h430, and which translators of the Hebrew put the transliteration of a Greek word (angelos) in the English scriptures. So, verses 5, 7 & 9 in the book of Hebrews should be mighty ones h430 & not messengers h4397; g32.}

2. In Hebrews 2:8, where does Paul get the statement that all things are in subjection to man? Ps 8:6-8 {Psalms says that the Lord made man to have dominion over the works of thy hands; thou hast put all things under his feet; then he refers to animals that dwell on the earth, in the heavens & in the sea, as part of all things under his feet. But does man, for instance, have dominion over a lion? Paul continues, But now we see not yet all things put under him - i.e. man does not yet have dominion over the works of the Lord’s hands.}

3. From where did David get the idea that man was made to have dominion over the works of Lord’s hands? Gen 1:26-28 {In Ps 8, David referred to Genesis 1:26-28, verse 28 stating: Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth, and subdue it: and have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over every living thing that moves upon the earth. From the parable of the Sower, Mk 4:14-20, earth is the mind of mankind.}

 

 

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