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Email: woody@dtgministries.org; Website: http://www.dtgministries.org/
11 July 2013

Ephesians - Part 7, Review



Ephesians 4:31: Let all bitterness, and wrath, and anger, and clamor, and evil speaking (sayings that injure, verbal abuse), be put away from you, with all malice (desire to harm): There is much benefit to looking up the English words in addition to the original language. The context must always be considered in their use.

Bitterness: gall, resentment. How do you know that the word does not refer to “taste?” By the context.
Wrath: anger, usually on an epic scale; belligerence aroused by a real or supposed wrong
Anger: can be a verb or noun; an emotion - choler , ire
Note: Choler is from Greek chole (G5521) which literally means “bile” by analogy - “gall”
Clamor: 1. a loud and confused noise. 2. a vehement protest or demand. 3. insistent public expression (protest).
Evil speaking: Evil - [noun] morally objectionable behavior, morally bad principle or practice.
Speaking - to express thoughts & ideas with words

In a Dictionary, English words are usually given several alternate meanings as an indication of how to use it when speaking or writing. The context might even allow for the use of more than one word.
Example: I am going for a run. I will run to the store. “Run” is used as a noun in the first sentence and as a verb and cultural expression in the second. The context and use dictates whether it is a noun or verb. What if I said, “It is a 5K run.” The sentence could be rewritten, “It is a 5K race.” Run or race is appropriate. A run could be one person, where a race implies more than one entry.

The same process can be used to evaluate words with positive meaning. The objective is not to make Bible study more complicated, but to show you a method of getting deeper into the meaning of what a particular verse is saying and update the words; to enrich your study; and to enhance your spiritual understanding. Context is important and should be considered when trying to perceive the point the author is making. All spiritual understanding comes from God through Jesus Christ (Jam 1:17-18), as the spirit of Jesus is the author of the original writings (1Pt 1:11). Thus, both the original words and the English translations should be checked.

Ephesians 5:1: Be ye therefore followers (G3402) of God, as dear children; The Greek word rendered followers actually means imitators in English. Here are the words from the Dictionary:
Follower - One who accepts leadership of another; one who travels behind, or pursues another
Imitator - impersonator; one who copies the words or behavior of another
Both English words fit the context. Based on Isaiah 55:6-9, which do you think gives a better meaning? Can you accept the leadership of someone without copying their words and behavior? Sure you can. A general might tell one of his officers to capture a certain city, but the officers who perform the action will use their training and experience to perform the task. We are told to overcome evil with good (Rom 12:21), and yet, we start out with no experience, training or even the knowledge of how to start. John 15:5: I am the vine, ye are the branches: He that abides in me, and I in him, the same brings forth much fruit: for without me ye can do nothing. Jesus, in answer to the disciples statement implying that it was impossible to be saved he said, With men this is impossible; but with God all things are possible (Mt 19:23-26).

Ephesians 5:9: for the fruit of the Spirit [is] in all goodness, and righteousness, and truth... What spirit? From the study on chapter four it was ascertained that the one spirit is that of the Father’s. Jesus has His spirit, and we receive a holy spirit through Jesus. When I look at my understanding as compared to what Jesus knows, the difference is infinite. However, I see that there is an infinite difference between the Father’s and Son’s knowledge too. To receive the spirit of God we are receiving his thoughts and ideas about how to conduct a righteous life based on truth. How is truth defined? John 14:6: Jesus saith unto him, I am the way, the truth, and the life: no man cometh unto the Father, but by me. This verse ties in with John 15:5 and Matthew 19:26. Truth comes via the One anointed (or, taught) by the Father. While we mostly hear truth via human beings, it is the spirit (or, voice) of Christ that confirms or denies, in the heart, what is heard or experienced (1Jn 2:27).

Ephesians 5:11: And have no fellowship with the unfruitful works of darkness, but rather reprove them. The fruits of the spirit are all good (verse 9) while the works of darkness are unfruitful of good things, the fruit of which is mentioned in Ephesians 5:3-6. We live in a sinful world. So, what does it mean to have no fellowship with bad fruit?
English - Fellowship: an association of people with similar interests
Greek - synkoinoneo (G4970) from syn (G4862), which means union or companionship with; and koinoneo (G2841), which means to share with, be partakers, communicate, to say the same thing as another. Galatians 6:6: Let him that is taught (instructed) in the word communicate (G2841) unto him that teaches in all good things. To have fellowship with Christ is to communicate the same things as does he. To have fellowship with the unfruitful works of darkness is to be in union with and communicate error and other things which causes one to lean toward the works of darkness - vain words (verse 6); fornication, covetousness, filthiness, foolish talking, jesting (verses 3, 4). Ephesians 5:12-13: 12. For it is a shame even to speak of those things which are done of them in secret. 13. But all things that are reproved are made manifest by the light: for whatsoever doth make manifest is light.

Ephesians 5:18-19: 18. And be not drunk with wine (confusion of Babylon, Rv 14:8), wherein is excess; but be filled with the Spirit (spiritual knowledge of God); 19. Speaking to yourselves in psalms and hymns and spiritual songs (experiences of deliverance from sin), singing and making melody in your heart to the Lord; What is meant by excess: (cf riot in Tit 1:6; 1Pt 4:4) - It means extravagant squandering: in the character of spiritually desolating behavior. A person who is drunk does not think clearly and there is much less restraint on the passions of the flesh. In context, the spiritual wine is the false teachings of those confused about the Father, Son and Holy Spirit, as well as other teachings. Whereas, one walking in the light as the Father is in the light, experiences the opposite - the overcoming of the fruits of darkness. Amen.